Papers

Predicting the emplacement of improvised explosive devices: An innovative solution

In this quantitative correlational study, simulated data were employed to examine artificial-intelligence techniques or, more specifically, artificial neural networks, as they relate to the location prediction of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). An ANN model was developed using NeuroSolutions to predict IED placement, based upon terrain features and objects related to historical IED detonation events, the associated visual and radio-frequency lines of sight of these features and objects, and the volume of target-vehicle traffic during a 24-hour period.

Search and Classification of "Interesting" Business Applications in the World Wide Web using a Neural Network Approach

Using NeuroSolutions, this study searched through a database of WWW businesses and classified them as “interesting” and “not interesting” for determining future business ventures. With generalized models, the new data sets were classified at 84.75% on average correctly.

Classification With Artificial Neural Networks and Supprt Vector Machines: Application to Oil Fluorescence Spectra

This paper reports on oil classification with fluorescence spectroscopy. Using NeuroSolutions, the objective is to classify the oil fluorescence spectra based on a laboratory dataset of fluorescence spectra of several oil classes (sludge, crude and heavy oil). The classification was carried out using the following three methods: channel relationship method (CRM), artificial neural networks (ANNs), and support vector machines (SVMs).

Neural Networks in Mobile Robot Motion

This paper deals with a path planning and intelligent control of an autonomous robot which should move safely in partially structured environment. This environment may involve any number of obstacles of arbitrary shape and size; some of them are allowed to move. We describe our approach to solving the motion-planning problem in mobile robot control using neural networks-based technique. Our method of the construction of a collision-free path for moving robot among obstacles is based on two neural networks. The first neural network is used to determine the “free” space using ultrasound range finder data. The second neural network “finds” a safe direction for the next robot section of the path in the workspace while avoiding the nearest obstacles. Simulation examples of generated path with proposed techniques will be presented

Seabed Recognition Using Neural Networks

Side Scan Sonar (SSS) imaging is one of the advanced methods for data acquisition about the sea floor. The possibilities of intelligence-based approaches in the analysis of sonar images and classification of seabed material have been explored in this study. The only available type of measurement for classification SSS images is the grey level of the pixels corresponding to the acoustic reflectance. It is difficult to recognize and classify objects based on a single feature. However, the spatial order of the grey level transitions gives ‘texture’ characteristics to the image and it is these that act as an important aid in human interpretation. Image texture can be characterized by the Spatial Grey Level Dependence Method (SGLDM) based on the cooccurrence matrix of pairs of grey levels.

Corporate Financial Evaluation and Bankruptcy Prediction Implementing Artificial Intelligence Methods

Corporate accounting statements provide financial markets, and tax services with valuable data on the economic health of companies, although financial indices are only focused on a very limited part of the activity within the company. Useful tools in the field of processing extended financial and accounting data are the methods of Artificial Intelligence, aiming the efficient delivery of financial information to tax services, investors, and financial markets where lucrative portfolios can be created.

Neural Network Analysis of Interferometric Terahertz Images for Detection of Lethal Agents

A non-invasive means to detect and characterize concealed lethal agents employs spatial imaging of their characteristic transmission or reflection wavelength spectrum in the Terahertz (THz) electro-magnetic range. Artificial neural network (NN) analyses of these THz spectral images provide specificity of agent detection at reduced false alarm rates. Published THz spectra are utilized to generate simulated interferometric images of bioagent contained within an envelope, and a suicide bomber. Both multilayer perceptron and radial basis function NN architectures are used to analyze these spectral images. Positive identifications are generally made, with radial basis function NNs generally yielding superior results.

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